Art deco: “style modern”-power and progress, and emphasized speed. A style of decorative art and architecture originating in the 1920s and1930s. It was characterized by bold geometric forms and simple composition.
What does Art Deco mean and what are the main features of it? Who are the most influenced persons in that era? There will be several questions in your mind when you are a new visitor in the world of art. Whether you are moving through the art movements, it is very important to know about Art Deco and the main artists during that period. Here, we give you some essential details about the Art Deco art movement.
The Journey of a Decorative Art…
Looking back through art history, we can find a gallery of artworks such as paintings, architecture, interior, and apparel. More than 30 different art styles developed in the span of a century.
Many artists shared their contributions under the same philosophy and style which led to the creation of various art movements. An art movement is a group of artists who agree on general principles/ philosophy.
Renaissance, gothic art, Rococo, classicism, Art Deco, Pop art and modernism are some of the art movements that happened in art history.
Let us tell you about the Art Deco movement and the main artist’s features.
The word Art Deco was derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, held in Paris in 1925, where the style was first exhibited. Art Deco or style moderne is a design style from the 1920s and 1930s in decorative art, architecture and furniture.
It is an influential visual art design style in France before World War and spread internationally till 1940s. The first resurgence of interest in this movement occurred in the 1960s – coincident with the movement’s effect on Pop Art – and then again in the 1980s, in line with a growing interest in graphic design. The style appeared in a number of jewelry and fashion ads.
Art Deco was influenced by…
Art Deco was one of the first truly international styles, influencing the design of just about everything from buildings to furniture, jewelry to fashion, and art to everyday objects like radios and vacuum cleaners.
At the beginning of Art Deco, the influence of the fading Art Nouveau the movement was still visible, and later Art Deco was inspired by the Bauhaus, Cubism, Ballet Russes, and obviously from nature.
Coming to main features of Art Deco…
The features of art deco are geometric in shapes, bold colors, visual impact, materials…etc. The distinguishing features of the style are simple clean shapes, most of the time with a streamlined look.
Less mass production during that time made each product have its own identity. The simplicity, symmetry, unvaried repetition of elements were the main characters of the products made in this era.
Like the earlier Arts and Crafts Movement, as well as the curvilinear style of design known as Art Nouveau, as well as the German Bauhaus design school concept. Art Deco embraced all types of art, including crafts a well as fine arts. It was applied to decorative art like interior design, furniture, jewelry, textiles, fashion, and industrial design.It was also used in the applied art of architecture and the visual arts of painting, and graphics.
Buildings have a sleek, linear appearance with stylized, often geometric ornamentation. The primary façade of Art Deco buildings often feature a series of setbacks that create a stepped outline. These buildings feature distinctive smooth finish building materials such as stucco, concrete block, glazed brick, or mosaic tile.
There are several themes that occur regularly in this design movement. They include: Leaves, branches, and feathers, Nudes, Trapezoids, Stylized animals, Chevrons and zigzags, Sunbursts, Jagged, pointed edges
inspired by skyscrapers (such as the Chrysler building).
Colors are striking and bold with a lot of contrasts. Bright and deep yellows, reds, greens, blues, and pinks mix well with silver, black, and chrome.
Furniture made of exotic woods like zebrawood, as well as chrome and mirrored pieces, were used in this period. The furniture tends to be large in scale so don’t be afraid to buy big pieces.
Sideboards, armoires, and generously sized chairs are all typical of the period.