Khurja known as Ceramic City is famous for its ceramics with its surface embellishment in the form of historical and contemporary designs.
Have you ever walked down through the city of ceramics without locking your eyes on colorful ceramics???
Khurja is a “Ceramic City” with bright and colorful people. It is a small town located in Uttar Pradesh and is famous for its ceramics which almost dated back to 600 years.
The name Khurja in Urdu means “Condemned or Cancelled”. Because at those times. This place was considered to be a wasteland since it was impossible to do agriculture there. Since then it was called to be as Khurja. But today it turned out to be the most beautiful city with ceramic products. A wide variety of ceramic products are produced in this small town. This attracts the tourists and other businessmen. Also, we can find lots of workshops and factories in each and every corner of this town.
HISTORY AND ITS ORIGIN OF KHURJA
The art forms of Khurja dated back to 600-700 years. The famous Pathans came to the city during the reign of Muhammed Tughlak. One of the art forms was pottery, mostly in the form of vases, pots, and vessels which were handmade and hand-painted.
In 1940, there came the turning point of Khurja as the ceramic town. During World War II, the British ordered some ceramic loo seats for soldiers. The final result came out to be much better than they expected. Hence, the British realized the town’s potential and declared it as a ceramic hub.
THE ART OF CERAMICS AND ITS PRODUCTS
There are almost 400 factories in Khurja within which most of the people in town are working and making beautiful ceramics. They produce lots of everyday products such as crockery, flower pots, wind chimes, decorative miniatures, candle holders, pickle containers, etc.
For the preparation of ceramics, first, they choose clay and it undergoes some procedures depending on the output and the procedures include- throwing, turning, casting, glazing, and firing. Hand painting is done before glazing and firing. Most of the designs they exhibit are tribal, floral, Mughal, and raised motifs.
We can see lots of sparkling colors like earthy and vibrant colors, hues of white, off-white, blue, and then dark green, mustard yellow, and grey. We can say these ceramics are high fired (heating at high temperature) which makes them safe for food storage.
The important point is that all the ceramic designs are hand-painted but some are decal printed.
These ceramic products are not only sold in India but exported all around the world. Tourists from worldwide are attracted to these products and to the ambiance of the city. So you should probably buy one product once you visit this ceramic city.