Blue Pottery is one of the most important handicraft from Rajasthan. Handcraft is the process of material by hand ad hand tools, which is helpful and useful in different ways. Sometimes handcraft is used as a decorative product also. India is known for its culture, custom, and ethnicity.
Each state of India has its own craft culture. It is told that
Indian crafts are mainly of their histories, culture, and religion of their
Blue pottery, also known as Blue Glaze Pottery, is a traditional craft of
Jaipur. Earlier, it was significantly used in decorating temples, mosques,
and the royal palace. Often, Jaipur city was the main center for
producing this intricate craftwork.
Later, it spread in small villages
around Jaipur. Kot Jewar was the next center in producing blue pottery
after Jaipur. It is a small beautiful village about 60 km away from Jaipur.
There are around 300 families settled in this village, in which 200 are
into blue pottery and rest are involved in farming.
Blue pottery is a Persian decorative art, which is a mix of Chinese
glazing technology. Other than pots and tiles, artisans have come up
with many other products other than potes like jars, mugs, ashtray, tea
sets, saucers, cups, and more. The design patterns are customized
accordingly to the needs of any size.
Blue is the other color we will come across in India’s Pink City. The blue
pottery is closely related to the city it comes from.
It is believed that this art was once popular in the Mughal court and was brought here to Jaipur
in the 18th century. Some of the blue pottery is semi-transparent and most are decorated
with contemporary patterns which include florals, geometric designs,
animals, birds as well as many deities like Goddess ‘Durga’ and Lord
‘Ganesh’. The traditional patterns and motifs in blue pottery are
originated from Persia. Blue Pottery is the only pottery in the world which
do not use clay.
Blue pottery is entirely hand made. The process of blue pottery is not as
a usual ceramic process, it has a special mold and mixture of powders.
This mixture is not made of soil, instead, they use quartz stone powder,
glass powder, Multani Mitti clay, borax, gum, and water. The color used
is unique, they are primarily a mixture of oxides. Blue is the main color
used and is derived from cobalt oxide, green derived from copper oxide,
and white is also used as well. Non-conventional colors yellow and
brown are rarely used.
Making blue pottery is a long and time-consuming process.
- First, they make a mixture of 40kg of quarts powder and then add
water to it to make a dough. Then they keep it for one whole day or
7-8 hours before using it.
- The next day, they mold and shape it in the required form with the
help of molds made of plaster of paris.
- Next comes the surface decoration where the artisan hand paints
the design using various oxides for color.
- After the painting processes, the product is left out for drying. Then
they are glazed using a special glaze prepared using different raw
materials in definite proportions.
- The final step is to fire the piece. A wood-fired kiln is used
generally for this purpose.